About Melanoma & Other Lesions

Melanoma is the Most Deadly Skin Cancer

Melanoma occurs most often on the skin and less frequently in the eye or the lining of the nose, mouth, or genitals.

Melanoma accounts for about 2% of all skin cancer cases, but the vast majority of skin cancer deaths1.

A melanoma diagnosis can lead to many unanswered questions.  AIM for Answers makes finding the right information easier, by providing patients, caregivers and family members, with everything they need to know about melanoma.

View Types of Melanoma

Melanoma Affects People of All Ages

  • People under 45 account for 25% of all melanoma cases.
  • Melanoma is the leading cause of cancer death in women ages 25-30 and is second only to breast cancer in women ages 30-342.

A Growing Concern

  • Incidence has increased since 19733,4.
  • It should be noted, however, that although the increase in the rate of melanoma has doubled since 1973 it has been STABLE since 2000.
See More Melanoma Statistics

5 Year Survival Rate Has Increased

During this same period, there has been a significant rise in overall 5-year survival in patients with melanoma. This may be due to earlier diagnosis, when tumors are still at a thinner depth, as well as improved surgical techniques to remove them.5

Treatment and Survival

  • Treatments are available for all people with melanoma
  • Melanoma can quickly spread to other parts of the body, so it is important to detect and treat melanoma in its early stages
  • When melanoma is detected and treated in its early stages, the chances for long-term, disease-free survival are excellent
  • Eighty-five percent of diagnosed patients enjoy long-term survival after simple tumor surgery.6
Learn About Melanoma Risk Factors


1. SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results) data. seer.cancer.org.
2. American Cancer Society, 2011 cancer.org.
3. Weinstock MA. Epidemiology, etiology, and control of melanoma.
4. cancersearchuk.org
5. Lancetrn 2002;94:1537-1545.
6. Lotz MT, Dallal RM, Kirkwood JM, Flickenger JC. Cutaneous melanoma. In DeVita, Rosenberg SA, Hellman S, eds. Principles and Practice Oncology, 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott; 2001.

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