Other Skin Cancers
Basal-cell carcinoma may have slightly raised edges with a crusty, indented center.
What it is:
- It is the most common type of skin cancer in fair-skinned people.
- It is more common than all other cancers combined.
- It is estimated that 1 in 5 Americans will develop a basal-cell carcinoma in their lifetime.1
- It is very strongly associated with chronic sun exposure or sun tanning.
- It usually shows up on the face, ears, scalp, neck, or upper body.
- A red patch
- A pink, red, or white bump that is shiny or pearly
- A crusty, open sore that will not heal
- A scar-like area
- It grows very slowly and usually does not spread to other parts of the body
- It is usually removed with surgery or by freezing the tumor (cryotherapy)
What it is:
- It is the second-most-common type of skin cancer in fair-skinned people.
- An estimated 200,000 squamous-cell carcinomas occur each year.2
- It is twice as likely to occur in men as in women.
- It usually appears on the face, neck, arms, scalp, ear, lips, or mouth.
- Like other skin cancers, it is caused by excessive exposure to UV rays from the sun or indoor tanning booths.
- A bump or scaly red patch
- A slow-growing cancer
- Can spread to other parts of the body; thus, it is important to treat it as early as possible through surgery or radiation therapy
- When on lips, it is associated with smoking or using chewing tobacco and has a much higher rate of spreading to other parts of the body
1. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1996;35:1012-1013;
2. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58;71-96.