About Melanoma

Melanoma is the Most Deadly Skin Cancer

Melanoma accounts for about 2% of all skin cancer cases, but the vast majority of skin cancer deaths.Although melanoma occurs most often on the skin, it can develop in the eye or the lining of the nose, mouth, or genitals.

Learn about the types of melanoma

Melanoma Affects People of All Ages

  • People under 45 account for 25% of all melanoma cases.
  • Melanoma is the fourth most common cancer among men and women aged 15-29 years and the third most common cancer in those aged 25-29 years2.

A Growing Concern

  • Incidence has increased since 19733,4.
  • It should be noted, however, that although the increase in the rate of melanoma has doubled since 1973 it has been STABLE since 2000.
Learn more melanoma statistics

5 Year Survival Rate Has Increased

During this same period, there has been a significant rise in overall 5-year survival in patients with melanoma. This may be due to earlier diagnosis, when tumors are still at a thinner depth, as well as improved surgical techniques and treatments.5

Treatment and Survival

  • Treatments are available for all people with melanoma.
  • Melanoma can quickly spread to other parts of the body, so it is important to detect and treat melanoma in its earliest stages.
  • When melanoma is detected and treated in its early stages, the chances for long-term, disease-free survival are excellent.
  • For localized melanoma (84% of all cases), the 5-year survival rate is 98%.6


1. SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results) data. seer.cancer.org.
2. American Cancer Society, 2015 cancer.org.
3. Weinstock MA. Epidemiology, etiology, and control of melanoma.
4. cancersearchuk.org
5. Lancetrn 2002; 94:1537-1545.
6. American Cancer Society, 2015 cancer.org.

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