Personal and Family History

Family History

About 5% to 10% of people with melanomas have a STRONG family history of melanoma, meaning two first-degree relatives or three total family members affected with melanoma. Having multiple first-degree family members (parent, sibling, or children) with melanoma increases your risk of developing melanoma 30 to 70 times.1

Personal History

  • If you’ve had a past history of melanoma, you are at an increased risk for developing a second primary tumor some time after the original one.
  • At least 5% of all people who have had one melanoma will develop a new independent melanoma.
  • If you’ve had a past history of melanoma and, in addition, atypical nevi, or a family history of melanoma, your risk is even higher.

Follow-up Care

Frequent skin examinations are strongly recommended if you’ve had a previous melanoma.

What Increases Your Risk for Melanoma

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1. Kefford RF, Newton Bishop JA, Bergman W, Tucker MA. Counseling and DNA Testing for Individuals Perceived to be Genetically Predisposed to Melanoma: A Consensus Statement of the Melanoma Genetics Consortium. J Clin Oncol. 1999;17(10):3245-3251.

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