Melanoma Stats, Facts, and Figures

1% of All Skin Cancer Cases

Melanoma is the least common but the most deadly skin cancer, accounting for only about 1% of all cases, but the vast majority of skin cancer death.1

In 2020, it is estimated that there will be 100,350 new cases of melanoma in the United States and 6,850 deaths from the disease.1

  • 60,190 cases of invasive melanoma will occur in males.
  • 40,160 cases of invasive melanoma will occur in females.

 

5 Year Survival Rate Has Increased

During this same time period, there has been a significant rise in overall 5-year survival in patients with melanoma. This may be due to earlier diagnosis, when tumors are still at a thinner depth, as well as improved treatment and surgical techniques.

Common Cancer

Melanoma is the third most common cancer among men and women ages 20-39.1

In the U.S., melanoma continues to be the fifth most common cancer in men of all age groups. Melanoma is the sixth most common cancer in women of all age groups in the U.S.

America’s Highest Risk Population

Non-Hispanic whites have the highest incident rate of melanoma with 28 cases per 100,000 compared to 7 in American Indians/Alaska Natives; 5 in Hispanics; and non-Hispanic blacks and Asians/Pacific Islanders populations having the lowest risk with 1 case per 100,000.

10% of all people with melanoma have a family history of melanoma.

World’s Highest Risk Countries

The world’s highest incidence of melanoma is in Australia and New Zealand (more than twice as high as in North America). This may be due to how close these countries are to the equator, their greatly reduced ozone layer, and their population of mostly fair-skinned people.

Because of Australia’s extensive skin cancer screening program, there has been a decrease in average tumor depth at the time of diagnosis.

Figures From Around the World

About 132,000 new cases of melanoma are diagnosed worldwide each year, according to the World Health Organization.

In some parts of the world, especially among western countries, melanoma is becoming more common every year. In the United States, for example, the percentage of people who develop melanoma has more than doubled in the past 30 years.

The incidence of malignant melanoma in White populations generally increases with decreasing latitude, with the highest recorded incidence occurring in Australia, where the annual rates of melanoma are 10 and over 20 times the rates in Europe for women and men respectively.

Likelihood of Getting Melanoma

Melanoma is most commonly diagnosed in non-Hispanic whites, with an annual incidence rate of 28 (100,000), compared to 5 in Hispanics and 1 in non-Hispanic blacks and Asian/Pacific Islanders.

Incidence rates are higher in women than in men before the age of 50, but by age 65, rates in men double those in women, and by age 80 they are triple.1

Ten percent of all people with melanoma have a family history of melanoma.

Survival Rates

4,610 males and 2,240 females are expected to die in the U.S. of melanoma during 2020.

Note: All survival rates are estimated averages based on past cases but do not necessarily mean that it may predict your individual survival. Every person and every case is different, and many factors may contribute to survival.

All StagesLocalRegionalDistant

92%

99%

65%

25%

Note: Based on data from 2009-2015.

RaceSurvival Rate

White

94%

Black

70%

All Races

94%

Note: Based on data from 2009-2015.

Probability of Developing Melanoma of the Skin

GenderBirth to 4950 to 5960 to 6970 and Older

Male

0.4%
(1 in 228)

0.50%
(1 in 197)

0.9%
(1 in 109)

2.6%
(1 in 38)

Female

0.6%
(1 in 156)

0.4%
(1 in 245)

0.5%
(1 in 194)

1.2%
(1 in 86)

Note: Based on data from 2014-2016.

StateEstimated Cases

California

10,980

Florida

8,750

New York

4,980

Texas

4,530

Pennsylvania

4,410

Ohio

4,100

Illinois

3,700

North Carolina

3,680

Michigan

3,290

Georgia

3,190

References:

1. American Cancer Society. “Cancer Facts and Figures 2020”. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2020.

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